How to choose a model kit, selection tips and reviews
national team model – a reduced copy of vehicles (primarily cars), buildings, engineering and military equipment, ships, soldiers. The peculiarity of the prefabricated model is not only in the most accurate reproduction of the appearance of the prototype, but also in the fact that it must be assembled / glued (and sometimes even painted) by the modeller himself. The resulting model will decorate the nursery or living room.
But it is equally important that the assembly process itself can captivate the child for a long time. At the same time, he develops fine motor skills, manual dexterity, imaginative thinking, attentiveness, perseverance, determination and patience are brought up.
In addition, the young modeller will gain skills in working with tools and materials (wood, plastic, metal), as well as broaden his horizons by getting acquainted with samples of ancient and modern technology.
- Collectible tank model
- Model car
- Buildable Dinosaur Model
- cars and motorcycles – cars (including racing and jeeps) and trucks of various times and brands, as well as motorcycles (military, sports);
- civil aircraft and airliners;
- civil court, icebreakersmaritime liner, yachts, schooners;
- trains – locomotives and wagons from the era of steam locomotives to ultra-modern trains. Also in this category are the armored trains of the two world wars. The kit may include rails, arrows and even buildings;
- horse-drawn transport – carts, carriages, wagons;
- space ships – ISS, Vostok, Saturn, Buran, Shuttle, etc.
Engineering technique – tractors, radio communication vehicles, mine sweeps and other equipment.
- tanks – various armored vehicles from the first vehicles that appeared a century ago to modern combat vehicles equipped with the latest technology (including armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles);
- military aircraft and helicopters – aircraft from the first models created by the brothers Wright and I. Sikorsky to modern designs. This includes fighters, bombers, attack aircraft of the Soviet and Russian Air Forces, the Luftwaffe, the US Air Force;
- military ships – legendary sailing ships (for example, “Goto Predestination” or “Black Pearl”), aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers, destroyers. Due to their size and the huge number of small parts, the most difficult models to assemble, requiring a lot of experience;
- artillery – from medieval cannons to modern MLRS, self-propelled guns, anti-aircraft installations.
Diorama – a picture curved in a semicircle, consisting of structures, various objects, depicting historical scenes (most often battles). A diorama is more difficult to assemble than a simple model, but the process itself is more fun, and the result is more impressive. To create a diorama, the following elements are required:
- figures people – ancient and modern infantry, tank crews, airfield workers and others.
- weapon and accessories – tracks for tanks, ammunition, uniforms, various weapons and more.
Model Scale – the ratio of the size of the model to the size of the real prototype. Thus, using the scale, you can estimate the size of the model. A ratio of 1:200 means that the prototype is 200 times larger than the model.
The larger the scale number, the smaller the model. As the scale increases, the level of detail increases, and hence the realism of the model, but its assembly also becomes more complicated. Each type of model has its own optimal scales:
- cars – 1:43;
- tanks and other armored vehicles – 1:72 and 1:35;
- aircraft – 1:72 and 1:48;
- fleet – 1:350 (there are 1:200, 1:720, 1:87);
- trains – 1:87.
Plastic – occurs most often.
Tree – used for ship models.
Paper/cardboard – used in kits for beginner modellers.
Metal – radio-controlled and railway models.
Sets photoetching – consist of parts made by etching metal with special chemicals. As a result, the most accurate copy of the original is achieved, which is not achievable in plastic.
This parameter determines how interesting the model will be for the child, because its assembly often requires certain skills in working with materials and tools. On some sets you can find such a scale of difficulty levels:
- 1 – the model is proposed to be assembled, but without subsequent coloring;
- 2 – the set contains elements that need to be glued;
- 3 – a fairly complex model, but does not require special skills;
- 4 – a complex model for assembly, which needs special skills;
- 5 – a set for an experienced modeler.
Assembly of models – an equally exciting activity for both children and adults. You can start introducing your baby to modeling from the age of 3. In this case, paper sets are well suited. Older children will be interested in plastic and wooden models. Of course, at first, young modelers will not do without the help of adults.
Glue, brush, paints are usually included in the kit, but can be purchased separately. Models of a more complex level are equipped with special tools and model chemistry.
model chemistry – in addition to glue and paints, it includes a solvent, primer, putty, varnishes, masking liquids. This category also includes:
- filters, pigments, fasteners “aging” – create the effect of “use” to give the model maximum resemblance to the prototype;
- polymeric plastic – clay, which is easy to give the desired shape. The advantage of this material is the absence of odor and toxic substances in its composition. Used to create dioramas.
Model tools – in addition to the brush, they include knives (circular, collet), benders, drills, cutting mats. This category also includes:
- airbrush – paint sprayer, which is used in modeling for complex painting, for example, to create camouflage on a tank. Advantages: ease of use, more precise color control, economical ink consumption;
- painting masks – with them, painting will be more accurate and faster.
- First of all, you need to decide on the theme of the models. Success in modeling depends on how much the modeler likes the model. In order not to make a mistake with the choice, it is advisable to purchase the set together with the child or after consulting with him.
- You should not immediately purchase expensive and complex models, consisting of many parts that require appropriate skills. Failure to assemble may frustrate the child in this activity.
- Pay attention to the complexity of painting. To get started, choose a model with a simple (monochrome) painting scheme. As skill grows, you can take on complex options, for example, painting camouflage on a tank.